Actinobacteria – Gram Positive

As a gram positive bacteria, actinobacteria has high content of guanine and cytosine. This bacteria can life in terrestrial or aquatic media. Actinobacteria much found in soil life, fresh water life and marine life, the role of this bacteria in decomposing organic materials, such as cellulose and chitin, and this are playing a vital part in organic matter and turnover of carbon cycle.

Bacteria which are include in actinobacteria such as Mycobacterium, Corynebacterium, Nocardia, Rhodococcus and a few species of Streptomyces and include some of pathogen bacteria. The main function of this bacteria mostly are replenished the supply of humus formation in soil.

Another very valuable function of Actinobacteria are well known as secondary metabolite producers and in high pharmacological and commercial interest. Selman Waksman discover actinomysin in soil bacteria and get a Nobel Prize of his finding, and other naturally antibiotics has been discovered in this terrestrial microorganisms, especially from genus Streptomyces.

Look Other Gram Positive Bacteria:


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